The Five Keys That Define Health
Health is an overall state of emotional, physical and mental well being where infirmity and illness are absent. In simple terms, it is the absence of ill health as manifested by lack of health, physical symptoms and capacities. This general aspect can be seen in individuals, groups and communities. Health can be defined in many ways depending on what the person wants to achieve, how far they want to go and their background.
To answer this question in a broad perspective, there are many health determinants that can be used. Some of the most important determinants are social and personal determinants. For instance, the level of education and social interaction determines health. On the other hand, the level of physical activity and stress also play important roles. These factors determine health status for individuals and families. In recent times, the social determinants of health have become more relevant with the advent of new technologies and modern living styles.
Another example includes the effects of sleep deprivation, which is evident in most industrialized countries. Chronic insomnia, or sleep disorder, is an indicator of the increased morbidity and mortality rates. In addition, studies have revealed that long-term insomnia leads to poor health outcomes and a high morbidity risk. Therefore, even in the most developed countries, the prevalence of insomnia has been associated with poor health outcomes and health costs. It is evident from these studies that sleep deprivation can significantly impact health problems in the long-term.
There are several other factors that contribute to the well-being and health of an individual and family. For instance, general health and wellness largely influence the individual and his/her well-being and health. Some of the general health and wellness determinants are physical activities, food intake and behavior, attitudes toward health, and stress management. These factors can be modifiable and sustainable. In other words, they can be improved by improving one’s lifestyle and habits, through effective stress management strategies and exercise, among others.
One of the modifiable factors is occupational safety and health. This factor is associated with the main article of health-the physical well-being. Occupational hazards include hazardous substances, radiation exposure, and repetitive movements at work. Long-term illness is primarily caused by these types of illnesses. Furthermore, the level of physical activity in an individual’s life contributes to the health as well as quality of life.
The fourth factor that defines health is the social well-being. Societal threats, environmental stressors, and poor health are inter determined by the level of the social support of an individual. For instance, an isolated person is unable to cope with the environmental stressors or to cope with the illnesses that come along with the modern lifestyle. A person with a social support network, on the other hand, has the ability to deal with and resolve many health issues. This can be considered the fifth factor that defines health.